茶树抗盐碱研究进展

田丽丽1,2,3, 黄建安1,2,*, 刘仲华1,2,*
湖南农业大学1茶学教育部重点实验室, 2国家植物功能成分利用工程技术研究中心, 长沙410128; 3山东省果树研究所, 山东泰安271000

通信作者:黄建安;E-mail: jian7513@sina.com; larkin-liu@163.com

摘 要:

盐碱胁迫是影响茶树生长的环境因素之一。茶树对盐碱胁迫的响应非常复杂, 研究茶树耐盐碱机理, 对于开发利用耐盐碱的基因资源、提高耐盐碱性和改良次适宜茶区(江北茶区)茶树耐盐碱种植技术具有重要意义。本文总结了盐碱胁迫对茶树生长发育的影响, 述评了当前茶树响应盐碱胁迫的研究现状并进行了展望。

关键词:茶树; 抗盐碱; 生理机制; 耐盐碱基因

收稿:2016-09-18   修定:2016-12-23

资助:国家自然科学基金(31470692)。

Research progress on resistance saline and alkaline of tea plant

TIAN Li-Li1,2,3, HUANG Jian-An1,2,*, LIU Zhong-Hua1,2,*
1Key Laboratory of Tea Science of Ministry of Education, 2National Research Center of Engineering Technology for Utilization of Functional Ingredients from Botanicals, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China; 3Shandong Institute of Pomology, Tai’an, Shandong 271000, China

Corresponding author: HUANG Jian-An; E-mail: jian7513@sina.com; larkin-liu@163.com

Abstract:

Saline-alkaline stress is one of the pivotal environment disasters affecting tea plant growth. Responses of tea plant to saline-alkaline stress are very complex, so it is important to study saline-alkaline-resistance mechanism for exploring relative genetic resources, improving saline-alkaline resistance and technologies of tea plant cultivation to saline-alkaline-resistance for sub-suitable tea district (Jiangbei District). This article summarizes the saline-alkaline stress effect on the growth of tea plant and expounds the current research situation of the tea plant saline-alkaline stress response and prospected.

Key words: tea plant; saline-alkaline-resistance; physiological mechanism; saline-alkaline tolerant genes

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