植物花青素合成酶ANS基因的研究进展

李小兰, 张明生*, 吕享
贵州大学生命科学学院, 山地植物资源保护与种质创新省部共建教育部重点实验室, 贵阳550025

通信作者:张明生;E-mail: mshzhang@163.com

摘 要:

花青素合成酶ANS是植物花青素生物合成途径末端的关键酶, 催化无色花色素转变为有色花青素。本文通过对ANS基因结构和功能进行综述, 旨在为更多植物ANS基因的克隆及功能分析、花青素合成分子调控机制探索、花青素的开发利用等提供参考资料。

关键词:花青素合成酶; 基因功能; 表达调控; 花青素; 逆境胁迫

收稿:2016-04-14   修定:2016-05-28

资助:贵州省高层次创新型人才培养计划(黔科合人才[2015]4031号)和贵州省研究生教育创新基地建设(黔教研合CXJD字[2014]001)项目。

The research progress on plant anthocyanin synthetase ANS gene

LI Xiao-Lan, ZHANG Ming-Sheng*, LÜ Xiang
School of Life Sciences, Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Germplasm Innovation in Mountainous Region (Ministry of Education), Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China

Corresponding author: ZHANG Ming-Sheng; E-mail: mshzhang@163.com

Abstract:

Anthocyanin synthase (ANS) is a key enzyme at the end of plant anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway, which catalyzes leucoanthocyanins into anthocyanins. In this paper, we review the structure and function of ANS genes, so that to provide some reference data for relate to ANS cloning and its functional analysis, to explore the molecular regulatory mechanism of anthocyanin synthesis, to develop and utilize anthocyanin based on a lot of plants.

Key words: anthocyanin synthetase; gene function; expression regulation; anthocyanin; adversity stress

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