《植物生理学报》 2015, 51(2): 246-252
通信作者：陈丽梅；E-mail: email@example.com；Tel: 0871-65920213
摘 要：以蚕豆为材料, 考察气体甲醛(HCHO)胁迫对保卫细胞H2O2积累和叶片气孔导度、开度的影响。结果表明: 气体HCHO胁迫增加了叶片中H2O2的积累, 荧光显微分析发现在较低浓度(0.2~0.4 μmol•L-1)气体HCHO胁迫下, 保卫细胞中增加的H2O2主要分布在细胞质中, 高浓度(0.8~1.6 μmol•L-1)气体HCHO胁迫不仅增加保卫细胞质中H2O2的积累, 而且显著增加叶绿体中H2O2的含量及积累H2O2的叶绿体数量, 这说明在高浓度气体HCHO胁迫下蚕豆保卫细胞中增加的H2O2主要来源于叶绿体和细胞质。保卫细胞中H2O2积累的增加显著降低蚕豆的气孔导度和开度, 从而导致蚕豆HCHO吸收效率下降。气体HCHO胁迫下叶片中抗氧化酶活性的变化可能是H2O2积累增加的主要原因, 气体HCHO胁迫显著增强叶片中CAT和SOD的活性, 但只有低浓度HCHO胁迫诱导叶片POD活性, 叶片APX对HCHO胁迫很敏感, 低浓度的气体HCHO对叶片APX活性都有显著的抑制作用。
关键词：气体甲醛胁迫; 蚕豆; 保卫细胞; 过氧化氢积累; 抗氧化酶
Corresponding author: CHEN Li-Mei; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel: 0871-65920213
Abstract:Using Vicia faba as the material, effects of gaseous formaldehyde (HCHO) stress on the accumulation of H2O2 in guard cells, the stomata conductance and aperture were investigated. The results showed that the gaseous HCHO stress increased the accumulation of H2O2 in leaves. The fluorescence microscopic analysis indicated that the increased H2O2 in guard cells mainly distributed in the cytoplasm under low levels (0.2–0.4 μmol•L-1) of gaseous HCHO stress. High levels (0.8–1.6 μmol•L-1) of gaseous HCHO stress significantly increased not only the accumulation of H2O2 in the cytoplasm of guard cells but also the content of H2O2 in chloroplasts and the number of H2O2-accumulated chloroplasts. The data suggested that the accumulated H2O2 in guard cells mainly originated from chloroplasts and the cytoplasm under high levels of gaseous HCHO stress. The accumulation of H2O2 in guard cells significantly decreased the stomatal conductance and aperture, leading to a decline in the HCHO absorption efficiency of V. faba. The accumulation of H2O2 in leaves might originate from the changes of antioxidant enzyme activities in leaves under gaseous HCHO stress. The gaseous HCHO stress significantly enhanced the activitkies of CAT and SOD in leaves. However, only low levels of gaseous HCHO induced the activity of POD. APX was sensitive to HCHO stress and even a low level of HCHO stress could inhibit its activity remarkably.
Key words: gaseous formaldehyde stress; Vicia faba; guard cell; H2O2 accumulation; antioxidant enzyme
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