花药和小孢子培养技术应用于大麦育种的回顾与展望

王亦菲, 陆瑞菊, 黄剑华*
上海市农业科学院生物技术研究所, 上海市农业遗传育种重点实验室, 上海201106

通信作者:黄剑华;E-mail: sw1@saas.sh.cn;Tel: 021-62201032

摘 要:

大麦是世界上重要的农作物之一, 也是啤酒和饲料工业的重要原料, 因此培育耐逆、抗病、丰产、优质大麦新品种, 可以大大提高大麦的产量和品质。育种方法的改进, 可以提高大麦遗传改良的效率。本文对大麦的花药和小孢子培养技术在遗传改良上的应用进行了综述, 对依据小孢子培养技术, 发展多项大麦遗传改良技术的前景展开了讨论。

关键词:大麦; 花药; 小孢子; 育种

收稿:2014-10-15   修定:2014-11-26

资助:上海市科委基础重点项目(14JC1405300)、上海市种业发展项目[沪农科种字(2012)第7号]、国家大麦青稞产业技术体系(CARS-05)和上海市农业科学院学科领域建设专项(LY11)。

Review and Perspective on the Application of Anther and Microspore Culture in Barley Breeding

WANG Yi-Fei, LU Rui-Ju, HUANG Jian-Hua*
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding, Biotech Research Institute, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 201106, China

Corresponding author: HUANG Jian-Hua; E-mail: sw1@saas.sh.cn; Tel: 021-62201032

Abstract:

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is one of the most important cereal crops in the world, and used as the raw materials for malting and animal feed. Therefore, in order to improve the yield and quality of barley, it is critical to breed new cultivars with the traits of stress tolerance, anti-disease, high yield and excellent quality. Efficiency of genetic improvement for barley can be increased by development of breeding methods. This paper reviewed the work on the application of anther and microspore culture in barley genetic improvement, and discussed the perspective of multiple technologies for barley genetic improvement based on the microspore culture technology.

Key words: barley; anther; microspore; breeding

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