抗虫转基因水稻对非靶标生物的生态安全性研究进展

傅强*, 赖凤香, 陈洋, 李凯龙
中国水稻研究所水稻生物学国家重点实验室, 杭州310006

通信作者:傅强;E-mail: fuqiang@caas.cn;Tel: 0571-63372472

摘 要:

抗虫转基因水稻的培育和利用为水稻害虫控制提供了一条最为有效、经济的途径, 但其生态安全性直接影响着其能否进行商品化种植。本文拟在概述抗虫转基因水稻的研发现状的基础上, 从研究和评价方法、对不同类型非靶标生物的影响效应等方面就抗虫转基因水稻对非靶标生物安全性的研究进展进行综述。

关键词:抗虫转基因水稻; Bt稻; 非靶标生物; 生态安全性

收稿:2013-06-17   修定:2013-06-24

资助:转基因生物新品种培育重大专项课题(2011ZX08012-004)。

A Review of the Ecological Safety of the Insect-Resistant Transgenic Rices to Non-Target Organisms

FU Qiang*, LAI Feng-Xiang, CHEN Yang, LI Kai-Long
State Key Lab of Rice Biology, China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou 310006, China

Corresponding author: FU Qiang; E-mail: fuqiang@caas.cn; Tel: 0571-63372472

Abstract:

The breeding and use of insect-resistant transgenic rices (IRTRs) provide a useful and economic ap-proach for the IPM of rice insect pests. However, the ecological safety is one of the decisive factors influencing the commercialization of IRTRs. Here, we review the development and types of IRTRs, the assessment method-ology for ecological safety, and the ecological effects of IRTRs on different kinds of non-target organisms.

Key words: insect-resistant transgenic rice; Bt rice; non-target organism; ecological safety

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