MicroRNA在调节植物生长发育和逆境胁迫中的作用

安凤霞1,2, 梁艳3, 曲彦婷2, 李富恒1,*
1东北农业大学生命科学学院, 哈尔滨150030; 2黑龙江省科学院自然与生态研究所, 哈尔滨150040; 3齐齐哈尔大学生命科学 与农林学院, 黑龙江齐齐哈尔161006

通信作者:李富恒;E-mail: an_fengxia@163.com;Tel: 0451-86054612

摘 要:

MicroRNA是目前科学研究最为广泛的一类内源性的非编码单链小分子RNA, 作为一类重要的负调控子通过对目的 基因的引导降解和阻止其翻译过程, 从而调控植物的生命进程。本文综述了microRNA在植物新陈代谢、器官发育以及各种生物和非生物逆境胁迫中所起的重要调节作用, 以期反映当前植物 microRNA 在发现、功能和进化等方面的研究进展。

关键词:MicroRNA; 植物生长发育; 逆境胁迫

收稿:2012-12-18   修定:2013-03-14

资助:赞助 黑龙江省森林工业总局科技计划项目(sgzjY2010026)和东北农业大学“农业生物功能基因重点实验室”项目。

Roles of MicroRNA in Regulation of Plants Growth and Development and Stress Responses

AN Feng-Xia1,2, LIANG Yan3, QU Yan-Ting2, LI Fu-Heng1,*
1School of Life Sciences, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China; 2Natural and Ecological Institute, Heilongji-ang Academy of Sciences, Harbin 150040, China; 3College of Life Science and Forestry, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar, Leilongjiang 161006, China

Corresponding author: LI Fu-Heng; E-mail: an_fengxia@163.com; Tel: 0451-86054612

Abstract:

MicroRNA is a kind of endogenous, no-coding, single-stranded and micro-molecule RNA which is being applied extensively in modern scientific research. As a kind of important negative regulators, microRNA regulates plants’ life process by guiding target genes to degrade and prohibit them from translating. The paper summarized the important regulation roles of microRNA in plants metabolism, organ development and under all kinds of biotic and abiotic stress, to introduce the latest research development of miRNA in finding, function and evolution.

Key words: microRNA; plant growth and development; stress

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